Method : Cross sectional study was done to all children who diagnosed as asthma and came to Pediatric Outpatient Clinic of Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang since 2014 to 2015. The classification of asthma's severity in these children were based on GINA's criteria: intermitten, mild persistent, moderate or severe persistent. Food allergy or aeroinhalant allergy was based on history of this allergy and positive result of skin prick test. Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis was based on AIRA criteria. The diagnosis of atopic dermatitis was based on history taking and clinical finding. Mann whitney analysis was used to find out the correlation between these risk factors and the severity of asthma.
Results :There were 221 participants, the proportion between boys and girls was 3:1. The risk factors who had the highest percentages were aeroinhalant allergy and food allergy, 66.5% and 57% respectively. No risk factors had significant correlation with the severity of asthma (p<0.05).
Conclusions : No risk factors had significant correlation with the severity of asthma in Pediatric Medicine Department Saiful Anwar Hospital Indonesia. However, the events of aeroinhalant allergy and food allergy were high in pediatric asthma, and it needs a great concern. Another research is needed to explore correlation between both risk factors and the other component of asthma,such as the severity of asthma attack.