2065 Validation of Montelukast and Levocetirizine Combination Tablet Versus Individual Tablets in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Persistent Allergic Rhinitis Among Adult Filipinos Seen at the Philippine General Hospital-Outpatient Department

Thursday, 15 October 2015
Hall D1 Foyer (Floor 3) (Coex Convention Center)

Michelle Buela, MD , Section of Allergy and Immunology, Internal Medicine, Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines

Background and Objectives: Antihistamines and Leukotriene receptor antagonists (LTRA) are both approved treatments of Allergic rhinitis based on the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines. Recent studies have shown that the combination of second generation antihistamines and montelukast had significant improvement in the nasal symptoms and quality of life of patients with persistent allergic rhinitis. Recently, montelukast and levocetirine combination has been made available in a single tablet form but it has not been evaluated and compared with individual preparations as to its efficacy and control of symptoms in patients with Allergic rhinitis. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of levocetirizine and montelukast combination tablet versus individual tablets in alleviating symptoms of patients with Moderate to Severe Persistent Allergic Rhinitis.

Methods: An 8-week randomized, double-blind, parallel study. Patients were assigned to 2 arms: 14 received levocetirizine 5 mg and montelukast 10 mg individual tablets; 14 received levocetirizine 5 mg plus montelukast 10 mg combination tablet. Symptom scoring using the Specific Immunotherapy Questionnaire (SITQ) were obtained at baseline, then at 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks thereafter of treatment.

Results: Patients on levocetirizine and montelukast combination tablet had significant improvement on nasal symptoms scores, eye symptom scores, total symptom scores after 2 weeks and 4 weeks of treatment (P<0.05). In patients given levocetirizine and montelukast individual tablets, only the nasal symptoms (diff=2.5, p=0.0123) were significantly improved after 2 weeks of treatment. However, the eye symptom score and total symptom score were significantly improved (p<0.05) after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of treatment. The Quality of Life (QOL) scores between the two groups were only significantly different at 8 weeks of treatment with those given the combination tablet having a significant improvement of QOL from baseline (p value=0.03), compared to those given the individual tablets. The mean difference of the symptom scores between the individual tablets and combination tablet of montelukast and levocetirizine showed no significant difference (P>0.05).

Conclusions: Treatment with the combination tablet of levocetirizine and montelukast is equally efficacious with the individual preparation in controlling nasal symptoms, eye symptoms, and total symptoms in patients with Moderate to Severe Persistent Allergic Rhinitis. The quality of life scores however, did not show significant improvement after 8 weeks of treatment with the individual tablets. Despite this, results showed no significant mean difference when compared to the change in QOL score of the individual preparation of levocetirizine and montelukast.