Wednesday, 8 December 2010
Background: Immunotherapy with monomeric allergoid proved to be well tolerated, safe and effective in patients with respiratory allergy. Aim of this study was to assess the tolerability of a carbamylated monomeric allergoid given by subcutaneous route to patients with allergic rhinitis with or without asthma. Method: We evaluated, in a prospective open-label phase II study, lasting about 8 months, 15 patients (8M/7F, age: 15 - 45 years, mean age: 30 years), suffering from allergic rhinitis with (5) or without (10) asthma mainly due to house dust mites. The patients were given subcutaneously, during the first 5 weeks of the study, an increasing dose (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 ml at 10,000 BU/ml) of the carbamylated monomeric allergoid (Lofarma S.p.A., Italy) and then, during the 7 maintenance months, a dose of 0.8 ml (at 10,000 BU/mL) with a monthly cadence. The amount of major allergen was 4 µg of group 1 per mL. At each visit, they were evaluated for any local and/or systemic adverse reaction (AR) related to the administration of the product. At baseline and at the end of the study a visual analogue scale (VAS) was performed as well. Results: No ARs were observed in 7 out of 15 patient (46.6%). Eight patients (53.3%) showed ARs. They were nearly all local and all mild: pain at the arm (2 patients), local itching (3 patients), local reaction of the dimension of a walnut (2 patient) and fever the day after the injection (1 patient). None of these ARs caused either the interruption of the treatment or the hospitalisation of the patient. There was an improvement of VAS score from 2.8 ± 1.6 to 6.8 ± 2.4 (p<0.05). Conclusion: The carbamylated monomeric allergoid, given by subcutaneus route, is well tolerated by most of the allergic treated patients and is effective already after 8 months.