Allergy immunotherapy use to treat allergies that was not effectively relieved by medications and recommended for all age .On the other hands, although allergy shots is usually safe but sometimes has side effects from localized swelling and erythema at the place where the shot given to anaphylaxis shock.
The aim of this study is comparison of reactions of allergy shots in adults and children.
In this study, side effects of allergy shots has compared in patients under and over 19 years. All patients got their shots on standard schedule (every week or every month) and stay at the office for about 20 minutes every time after get shot. In patients with late onset reactions to shots prospectus did by telephone.
From all patients (121) who were gotten shot, 32 (26.4%) patients were under 20 years and 18(56%) patients were under 10 years. All patients had allergic rhinitis or allergic asthma isolated or in combination with other types of allergy.
In adult group, anaphylactic shock occurred in one patient. Eight attacks of generalized urticarial with wheezing, five attacks of generalized urticarial with abdominal pain and severe cramps observed.
In children group, we did not have any systemic reactions, only two cases had flushing, and two cases experienced headache after shot.
Sometimes local swelling and erythema occurred in place of shot in two groups of patients.
In addition, improvement in symptom control for disease in children was better than in adults.
Although it seems that tendency for allergy shot in children is less than adults, but reactions in children is less than adults and children better tolerate allergy immunotherapy.