4105 The Association Between Tobacco and the Risk of Asthma in Urban and Rural Children in San Francisco, Argentina

Saturday, 17 October 2015
Hall D1 Foyer (Floor 3) (Coex Convention Center)

Hector Badellino, MD, PhD , Pediatric, Clínica Regional Del Este, San Francisco-Cordoba, Argentina

Alvaro Teijeiro, MD , Respiratory Medicine, Pediatric Hospital, Córdoba, Argentina

Mabel Cuello, MD , Pediatric Hospital, Córdoba, Argentina

Marilyn Urrutia Pereira, MD, PhD, , Pediatric Program of Asthma Prevention (PIPA), Brazilian Sociaty, Uruguaina, Brazil

Gustavo Egues, MD , Pediatric, Hospital Santa Caterina, GIRONA, Spain



Exposure to parental smoking is associated with wheeze in early childhood. There are plenty of papers showing the relationship between parental smoking in urban settings but very few in rural settings


To examine the association between maternal and paternal smoking and prevalence of asthma


Following ISAAC Study procedures, parents of children aged 6-7 years, living in San Francisco, Argentina , and surrounding rural areas were asked about symptoms of asthma, maternal smoking in the child’s first year of life and current maternal and paternal smoking


A total of 1315 urban and 572 rural children were studied

Maternal and paternal smoking was associated with an increased risk of asthma, although the magnitude of the ORs is higher in the rural setting

There was a strong interaction between maternal and paternal smoking


This study has confirmed the importance of parental smoking, mainly in the rural setting.