3199 Clinical Profile of Allergic Rhinitis in Children in Jakarta

Friday, 16 October 2015
Hall D1 Foyer (Floor 3) (Coex Convention Center)

Wahyuni Indawati, MD , Respirology Division Child Health Department, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia

BackgroundThere has been limited publication regarding characteristics of allergic rhinitis in children in Indonesia.

Objective We aim to investigate the clinical characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in children.

Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at pediatrics clinic in a tertiary referral hospital, Cipto Mangunkusmo Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia, during 2010-2011.

Results Out of 112 AR diagnosed patients, 60.7% were boys. Most common age was under 5 years old (49.9%) with median of 4.65 (range 2 months–17 years old). The most common symptoms were rhinorrhea (93.7%) and cough (83.9%). In general, patients had atopy (72,3%) and family history of atopy (78.6%). Duration of illness mostly was more than 2 weeks (75.9%). Based on interview, cold air had been the most common triggering factor (54.5%), followed by food (12.5%)  and dust (9.8%). The most common signs were allergic shiner (9.8%). The second generation of antihistamine (58.9%) and intranasal steroid (28.6%) were the most prescribed drug. Asthma (9.8%) as the comorbidity only found in 9.8%, while  rhinosinusitis as the complication occurred in 12.5%.

Conclusion Younger age was found in most of the cases. The most frequent type of AR is persistent AR. Despite of high number of atopic history only a small proportion of children have asthma .