A stastistical study of the most common allergens in children, who suffer from diseases or allergic reactions in the city of Lattakia (Syrian coast)
This study was carried out in group of 639 children (298 girls and 341 boys), children aged 2 to 18 years .
They were divided into 3 groups:
1- (2 – 5 years old: 205 children)
2- (> 5 – 13 years old: 289 children)
3- (> 13 – 18 years old: 145 children)
521 (81.53 %) were reactive to at least one of the aeroallergens. Among the SPT-positive patients, a positive prick-test reaction to the house dust mites (87.33 %) was most common followed by mould (42.80 %) , 5 grasses mixing (34.35 %) , olive pollen (32.82 %) , cat dander (30.13 %) , 4-cereals pollen (21.88 %).
Therefore, it appears that the prevelance of SPT reactivity to common aero allergens is high among lattakian allergic children, particularly in those with asthma and in all age groups.
Dr. Ghazal Dib: Assistant professor - department of pediatric – faculty of medicine – Tishreen University – Lattakia - Syria